50 years, open diplomatic relations Joint statement between Japan and China, Tanaka and Zhou Enlai

MGR online – 29 September 2022 50th Anniversary Joint Declaration between the Government of Japan and the Government of the People’s Republic of China signed on September 29, 1972 in Beijing. Open diplomatic relations between Japan and China

Joint Declaration between the Government of Japan and the Government of the People’s Republic of China (中華人民共和國政府與日本政府的聯合聲明 / Japan-China Joint Commiqué) has 9 joint agreements. This agreement was born in the age of two countries. They all have the best prime ministers in history. Born in the same period together, Japan’s Prime Minister is Tanaka Kakuei ( 1918 – 1993 ), while China’s Prime Minister is Zhou Enlai ( 1898 – 1976 ).

At the invitation of Prime Minister Zhou Enlai of the People’s Republic of China Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka of Japan visited China from September 25 to September 30, 1972. Chairman Mao Zedong met with Prime Minister Kakuei. Tanaka from Japan on September 27 and had a friendly and serious conversation.

Japanese Prime Minister Tanaka and Japanese Foreign Minister Masayoshi Ohira exchanged earnest and frank views with Prime Minister Zhou Enlai and Foreign Minister Zi Pengfei. A friendly atmosphere continued worrying questions about restoration the relationship between China and Japan and other issues between the two countries as well as other issues of mutual interest, and it was agreed to issue a joint statement from the two governments as follows.

China and Japan are neighboring countries. separated by water with a long history of friendship The people of both countries have a strong desire to put an end to the chaos that has existed between the two countries. Acknowledge the desire of the people of both countries to end the war and normalize relations between China and Japan. It will open a new page in the record of the relationship between the two countries.

Japan, on the other hand, is well aware of its responsibility for the devastating damage that Japan has caused to the Chinese people throughout the war. The Japanese side also reaffirmed its stance that it intends to normalize relations between the two countries from a fully understood perspective. “Three Principles for the Restoration of Relations” Proposed by the Government of the People’s Republic of China The Chinese side welcomed this issue.

Despite the differences in their social systems that exist between the two countries. The two countries should establish relations of peace and friendship, and they should be able to do so. Restoring relations and developing good and friendly relations between the two countries is in the interest of both countries and will lead to the easing of tensions in Asia and peace in the world.

1. The exceptional circumstances which have occurred between Japan and the People’s Republic of China shall end on the date of publication of this joint declaration.

2. The Government of Japan recognizes that the Government of the People’s Republic of China is the sole legal government of China.

3. The Government of the People’s Republic of China emphasizes that Taiwan is an inseparable part of the territory of the People’s Republic of China. The Government of Japan fully understands and respects the position of the Government of the People’s Republic of China. and maintains its position under Article 8 of the Potsdam Declaration.

4. The Government of Japan and the Government of the People’s Republic of China have decided to establish diplomatic relations since September 29, 1972. Both governments have decided to take all necessary measures for the establishment and operation of the facility for each other’s ambassadors in their capital in accordance with international law and practice. and to exchange ambassadors as soon as possible

5. The Government of the People’s Republic of China declares that for the sake of friendship between the Chinese and Japanese people the Chinese government therefore renounced the claim for war reparations from Japan.

6. The Government of Japan and the Government of the People’s Republic of China agreed to establish an eternal relationship of peace and friendship between the two countries based on the principle of respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity. not to attack each other Not to interfere in each other’s internal affairs, equality and mutual benefit. and peaceful coexistence
Both governments confirmed that In accordance with the above principles and the principles of the United Nations Charter China and Japan must settle all disputes peacefully and refrain from using or threatening force.

7. The restoration of relations between China and Japan is not aimed at third countries. Neither country should seek power in the Asia-Pacific region. And every country disagrees with the efforts of any other country or group of countries to establish such powers.

8. The Government of Japan and the Government of the People’s Republic of China agree to strengthen and develop relations of peace and friendship between the two countries The two governments will begin negotiations to reach an agreement. treaty of peace and friendship

9. The Government of Japan and the Government of the People’s Republic of China agree to that Promote relations between the two countries and expand people-to-people exchanges The two governments will, as necessary, take into account the current factors. non-governmental agreement Begin negotiations for the purpose of reaching agreements on issues such as trade, transport, aviation and fisheries.

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