Inflammation of the inner lining of the colon is called colitis. There are several types. The infection is caused by an infection, a poor blood supply or parasites. In all these conditions, inflammation, irritation and cramps occur in the colon. Many times symptoms like abdominal pain, diarrhea and torsion appear in this disease.
Colitis infection is usually caused by viruses, bacteria and parasites. Sometimes it can also be caused by dirty water, food poisoning or hydrogen.
Inflammatory Bowel Syndrome (IBD) – IBD is a group of chronic diseases that cause inflammation in the digestive system. Two main types of IBD – Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.
Ischemic colitis – When blood flow to part of the colon decreases, it can cause ischemic colitis.
Allergic reaction – Allergic colitis is more common in children than in adults. Especially in newborns. This disease affects about two to three percent of infants.
Microscopic colitis – Microscopic colitis is caused by an increase in lymphocytes. This colitis can only be seen under a microscope.
Sometimes the drugs cause an infection in the colon.
Sometimes certain anti-inflammatory drugs also cause inflammation of the colon. Most doctors view NSAID medicine as the condition. This drug is used for a long in many people, especially in the elderly. Because of this, there is also a risk of colitis infection.
Symptoms – There are many reasons behind colon infection. If the causes of the infection are different, the symptoms will also be different. Some symptoms are common. Symptoms such as fever, uncontrollable loose movements, nausea, dizziness, illness, weight loss and constant fatigue are among them. Many times a terrible stomach ache is felt during diarrhea. In such conditions, you should immediately consult a doctor.
Treatment – Doctors say treatment depends on the type of colitis. Treatment includes anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics, supplements, surgery, and some changes in daily lifestyle.