Dementia is a progressive brain condition in which parts of the brain are irreversibly damaged. There are many different causes of dementia and many different types. Symptoms are dictated by the cause of the dementia and the affected brain region.
A rare form of dementia is frontotemporal dementia, which, as the name suggests, primarily affects the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain.
As the NHS explains, these areas are responsible for controlling language, behavior, and the ability to plan and organize.
Frontotemporal dementia does not initially affect the part of the brain responsible for memory, so this symptom usually doesn’t appear until later.
The most common signs of frontotemporal dementia involve extreme changes in behavior and personality.
READ MORE: Dementia Symptoms: The telltale signs you may have dementia with Lewy bodies
Several distinct behavioral signs result in a change in dietary preferences.
According to the Mayo Clinic, this usually takes the form of overeating or developing a preference for sweets and carbohydrates.
Other dietary presences include:
- Several distinct behavioral signs result in a change in dietary preferences.
- According to the Mayo Clinic, this usually takes the form of overeating or developing a preference for sweets and carbohydrates.
- Other dietary presences include:
- Eating inedible items
- An obsession with the consumption of certain foods.
- Other behavioral and personality changes include:
- Being numb or rude
- Act impulsively or recklessly
- Loss of inhibitions
- Seems submissive
- Losing interest in people and things
- Losing motivation and motivation
- Inability to empathize with others, appearing cold and selfish
- Repetitive behaviors, such as humming, hand-rubbing, and stomping, or routines such as walking the exact same path repeatedly
- A change in food preferences, such as the sudden liking of sweet foods and bad table manners
- Compulsive eating, drinking alcohol and / or smoking
- Neglecting personal hygiene.
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How to respond
According to the NHS, you should see a doctor if you think you are experiencing early symptoms of dementia.
“If you are worried about someone else, encourage them to make an appointment with a family doctor and maybe suggest that you go with them,” the health agency explains.
Your primary care physician can do some simple checks to try to find out the cause of your symptoms and may refer you to a specialist for further testing, he explains.
How to reduce my risk
Research is underway to understand the causes of frontotemporal so that earlier interventions can be taken to reduce risk.
Unfortunately, some risk factors associated with frontotemporal dementia cannot be easily changed.
According to Alzheimer’s Research UK, one in two or three people with the disease may have a family history.
“Overall, about one in ten cases of FTD are thought to be caused by a defective gene passed on in families, also known as familial frontotemporal dementia,” the association says.
Early research suggests that unhealthy lifestyle habits can affect your risk as well.
A study published in the journal Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra evaluated smoking and obesity together as risk factors for frontotemporal dementia and Alzheimer’s disease.
Ninety patients with frontotemporal dementia and 654 patients with Alzheimer’s disease were compared with 116 cognitively healthy elderly individuals.
Although there were no clear associations between smoking and frontotemporal dementia, obesity was a shared risk factor for both forms of dementia.
“The best way to lose weight is to make long-term changes to diet and physical activity that result in a steady rate of weight loss,” says the NHS.