Food fortification, also called food fortification, involves adding micronutrients to foods that are not naturally found there. This increases the amount of vitamins and nutrients and helps reduce the risk of various health problems. Adding iodine to salt and vitamin D to milk are some of the great examples of food fortification.
However, there are now several supplements available on the market, which are considered to be even better for filling deficiencies in common nutrients. But the question is what is better for health: fortified foods or supplements?
What should you opt for?
Fortified foods have been very successful since their inception. After its introduction in the 1930s, common health problems due to a deficiency of nutrients like rickets and pellagra were estimated to be virtually eliminated.
If you have to choose one of the two, fortified foods are better than supplements. Eating fortified foods will provide you with other nutrients, which may not be present in supplements. Like when you eat foods fortified with vitamin D, you can also get calcium with them. The problem with supplements is that they only contain one nutrient.
In a wide range, fortified foods and supplements provide our bodies with the nutrients we need. But food is much better than supplements because some nutrients are better absorbed when combined. Plus, food keeps you full and doesn’t overwhelm you with unhealthy things.
Things to watch out for
Fortified foods are suitable for both children and adults. However, some fortified foods are highly processed and may contain a large amount of sodium and fat. You must be careful before choosing products in the supermarket aisle. Not every fortified food is necessarily healthy. Also, too many nutrients can lead to an overdose, which is not a good thing. You should therefore be careful when consuming any of them.