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Saturday, June 6, 2020

Watch a black hole violently shoot a jet of matter into space – BGR

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  • Astronomers of the Event Horizon Telescope project have published images of a distant quasar with its black hole spitting material in space.
  • The images were collected by telescopes all over the planet, working together to scan deep into space.
  • The images reveal mysteries about the jet of fast-moving materials leaving the black hole, and the researchers now have some interesting questions to answer.
  • Visit the BGR home page for more stories.

Almost exactly a year ago today, astronomers from around the world introduced themselves the very first image of a black hole. It was fuzzy, but it was the first of its kind. This was made possible by the Event Horizon Telescope, or EHT, which is a collaborative international effort harnessing the power of several observatories around the world.

But the black hole that we all enjoyed a year ago was not the only object that interested the EHT team. Another bright object called researchers was a bright quasar called 3C 279. Now we can see what the supermassive black hole in his heart has done, and it’s magnificent.

As ScienceAlert reports, the Event Horizon telescope was able to capture several images of the colossal black hole spitting a jet of matter into space at unfathomable speeds. Check it out:

Black holes engulf almost everything that comes close to them, including light. However, it is not a perfect vacuum, and as matter is drawn in at high speeds, some of the material reaches such incredible speeds that it actually radiates into space like a jet of particles. Moving just next to the speed of light, these are the fastest particles that scientists know today.

Interestingly, the stream of matter that the EHT was able to observe does not perfectly match what astronomers thought they were seeing. Rather than being a perfectly straight beam, they found that it had “an unexpected twisted shape” as well as “characteristics perpendicular to the jet”. These are entirely new observations, and it is an exciting time for scientists.

“We knew that every time you open a new window on the Universe, you can find something new,” said Jae-Young Kim, lead author of the research published in Astronomy and astrophysics, said in a report. “Here, where we expected to find the region where the jet is formed by going to the clearest possible image, we find a kind of perpendicular structure. It’s like finding a very different shape by opening the smaller Matryoshka doll. “

What is particularly interesting about the work done with the Event Horizon telescope is that it is collaborative, which means that new telescopes can be added to the project over time, which makes it more and more powerful. . We can expect many more interesting discoveries from this global effort.

Image source: J.Y. Kim (MPIfR), Boston University Blazar Program (VLBA and GMVA) and Event Horizon Telescope Collaboration

Mike Wehner has reported on technology and video games for the past decade, covering the latest news and trends in virtual reality, wearable clothing, smartphones and future technologies.

Most recently, Mike was a technical writer for the Daily Dot and has been featured in USA Today, Time.com and countless other websites and print. His love of
the story is just behind his addiction to gambling.

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