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What is colon infection? Signs, causes, treatment and prevention of this state of health

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Colon infection symptoms: from signs to causes to treatment, here is everything you need to know about the health disorder.

Irrfan Khan, who was admitted to Kokilaben Hospital after being diagnosed with a colon infection, died today. He was 53 years old and is survived by his wife Sutapa and his two sons. Fans and celebrities are incredulous and shocked after learning of his sudden disappearance. Many have searched on Google exactly what is a colon infection and what are its red flags, causes, treatment and prevention of the health problem. So what exactly is a colon infection?

Colitis is the term used for inflammation of the inner lining of the colon (large intestine). There are different types of colitis such as ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s colitis, ischemic colitis, lymphocytic colitis and atypical colitis, among others. Infection, blood loss in the colon area, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and invasion of the colon wall with collagen are some of the causes of an inflamed colon. If not detected and treated early, the risk of colorectal cancer increases. Read on to learn more about health conditions.

Common symptoms of Colon infection:

1. Abdominal pain
2. Diarrhea
3. Cramps
4. fever
5. Urgent bowel movements
6. Rapid weight loss
7. Nausea
8. Loss of appetite

Common causes of Colon infection:

1. Infection
Infectious colitis can be caused by viruses, bacteria and parasites. The same can be contracted from contaminated water, foodborne illness and poor hygiene.

2. Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)
IBD is a group of chronic diseases that cause inflammation in the digestive tract. The two main types are Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.

3. Ischemic colitis
This type of colitis occurs when the blood flow to the colon is reduced. The cells of the digestive system are shut down due to poor blood circulation, and people with blocked arteries are at higher risk for developing this disorder.

4. Microscopic colitis
This type of colitis can only be seen under a microscope. It is characterized by a higher number of lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell) in the lining of the colon.

5. Drug-induced colitis
Some people suffer from inflamed colon due to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Long-term use of NSAIDs can put you at risk.

Detection:

Tests such as x-rays, stool, sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy, blood tests and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), among others, are usually done to determine this.

Treatment of Colon infection:

Treatment depends on the type of colitis and its cause. Treatments include a clear diet, anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics, immunosuppressants, supplements (such as iron, calcium, and vitamin D), surgery, and lifestyle changes. Severely ill patients often need intravenous fluids and other drugs.

Lifestyle changes that can help relieve your symptoms:

Find and avoid foods that trigger symptoms
Eat smaller, more frequent meals throughout the day
Avoid foods that increase stool production.
Avoid alcohol consumption and smoking

Prevention of Colon infection:

Foods that can trigger symptoms:
Alcohol
Soft drinks
Dairy products (in case of lactose intolerance)
Foods containing sulfur or sulfate and fiber
Spicy foods
Refined sugar
products containing sorbitol

READ ALSO | Irrfan Khan dies: 5 interesting facts about the versatile actor you need to know

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